Saturday, January 14, 2017
Insomnia is a type of sleep disorder that occurs commonly in a large number of people. Not many are aware of the causes and signs of this sleep disorder and this could be the reason why this condition is so widespread. An individual is said to suffer from insomnia when he is unable to sleep or remain asleep for a considerable duration of time. Insomnia disorder can be of two types, acute and chronic. Acute insomnia persists for about 2 to 4 weeks, while chronic insomnia may persist for more than one month.
Insomnia and sleep disorders are caused by certain factors which may be either mild or severe. It is important to identify the cause so that proper treatment could be sought. The causes of acute and chronic insomnia may vary. Acute insomnia may occur due to some kind of emotional stress caused by life circumstances or physical strain caused by a medical problem. Certain environmental factors may also contribute to acute insomnia. These include extreme temperatures and loud noise. The intake of certain medications or drugs can also lead to sleep deprivation for short durations of time. Acute insomnia is likely to lead to symptoms such as irritability, tiredness and difficulty in concentrating. Chronic insomnia is more severe and could be caused by physical or psychological medical conditions. Anxiety, depression and stress are some of the psychological conditions that lead to chronic insomnia. Insomnia in OCD patients is also a common occurrence due to the persistent intrusive thoughts that causes restlessness and sleeplessness. Physical problems such as prolonged illness or allergies may also trigger chronic insomnia. Any health problem that leads to discomfort at night can hamper proper sleep. Intake of pain relievers and antidepressants could lead to sleep deprivation. In severe cases, chronic insomnia can also lead to memory loss.
One of the most prominent causes of insomnia is stress and tension of a fast paced life. Therefore it is important to relax before going to bed. Deep breathing and meditation is effective in bringing about a sense of relaxation after a hard day. The sleeping environment must also be conducive to sleep and factors such as light, heat, cold or noise can disrupt sleep. The bedroom must be quiet and dark. The temperature must also be suitable to the body. Many individuals also use ear plugs to block out noise while sleeping. Herbs such as lavender and chamomile are beneficial in inducing sleep and may be used in aromatherapy or massage.